There are a whole host of diseases from auto-immune to arthritis that are increasingly being linked to inflammation. And there is more and more in the news about the cognitive benefits of turmeric on Alzheimer patients and the anti-inflamatory effects of ginger and cinnamon.
Here’s a beverage I drink with those spices. It’s quite good.
(Dr Sanjay Gupta drinks this every evening as a tea for calming.)
1 cup almond milk – either vanilla or chocolate
1/2 tsp turmeric
1 tsp cinnamon
1/4 tsp ginger
1 tsp honey to drizzle over top (No need for honey if using chocolate)
Heat the almond milk in microwave. Stir in spices. Drizzle honey on top. (You can add a packet of Stevia to the mix if you like your drinks sweet)
I buy bulk turmeric, cinnamon and ginger in the market and mix up a batch to have on hand.
With the mixture I add 1-3/4 tsp of mixed spices to one cup of almond milk.
Michael Greger M.D. and NutritionFacts.org.
Scientists used to think that the brain didn’t change after childhood. While it is true that our ability to learn new things is greater in our early years, it turns out our brains reorganize, physically change, and alter the function of different parts through our lives.
Each time we learn a new skill, make a new memory, rethink, respond, react, interact our brains change. Your brain is changing right now reading this post.
Why is this important?
Exercising and strengthening our brains is as important as keeping our bodies strong and limber. The way you keep your brain in good shape spends on what you pay attention to, what you think, what you feel, and how you react to your environment. You can change your brain with purpose by understanding how neuroplasticity works.
Two Main Ways You Can Drive Neuroplasticity
“Neurons that fire together, wire together.”*
Donald Hebb developed the idea that when two neurons fire at the same time repeatedly, chemical changes occur in both, so that they connect more strongly. Because neuroplasticity follows this rule, it’s fundamentally reversible. Neurons that fire together wire together, but when neurons “fire apart” their connection becomes weaker. That means your brain works on a “use it or lose it” principle. Information and behaviors that you do not use weaken and may be completely lost. This is called called “synaptic pruning.”
“It is almost just as easy to drive changes that can impair one’s memory or slow down one’s mental or physical control as it is to improve one’s memory or speed up the brain’s actions.”**
Brain change comes from external experiences
What we practice or are exposed to becomes part of our brain wiring.
Everything that happens in our life wires our brains. What we repeatedly do becomes wired – everything from muscle patterns (remember when you first learned to walk, ride a bike?), to skills (learning a native language – when’s the last time you thought about how to form a sentence?) to smiling or frowning (do you have to concentrate on each of your facial muscles to express a feeling?).
To keep our brains growing, functioning well and avoiding decline, we need to give it challenges such as learning new skills, exploring new places, changing routines and interacting with people.
Brain change comes from internal experiences
Mental & emotional exercise changes our brains too. What we think and imagine can change our brains for the better or worse. Where we focus our attention directs the synaptic connections, the brains wiring, and develops and strengthens connections.
We can purposefully and actively create the connections we want. Thoughts and images we replay in our minds create stronger connections. Make neuro-connections by thinking of things in sequence, create positive mental images, do crossword puzzles. (You already do this whenever you study for a test, read a book, rehearse what to say, worry about your future, ruminate on the past.)
Here are some proven ways to positively impact our brains:
Practicing mindfulness is learning to control your thoughts and develop ability to focus where we choose.
By decreasing stress, anxiety and depression meditation helps encourage neurogenesis (development new brain cells). This can happen in just a few weeks.
Neurons fire whether something is real or imagined. Imagining doing something is not very different from doing it in terms of brain wiring. Athletes use this to “practice” by imagining a perfect performance over and over. It helps them actually perform better. Research has validated that the practice influences physical changes from muscle strength to brain pathways.
Now that you’ve finished reading, give yourself a pat on the brain for all the new neuro-connections it has just made for you.
*neuro-scientist Carla Shatz
**Dr. Michael Merzenich, author of Soft-Wired: How the New Science of Brain Plasticity Can Change Your Life
You’re feeling depressed. What have you been eating?
Psychiatrists and therapists don’t often ask this question. But a growing body of research over the past decade shows that a healthy diet—high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fish and unprocessed lean red meat—can prevent depression. And an unhealthy diet—high in processed and refined foods—increases the risk for the disease in everyone, including children and teens.
The findings are spurring the rise of a new field: nutritional psychiatry.
“Now recent studies show that a healthy diet may not only prevent depression, but could effectively treat it once it’s started.
“Researchers, led by epidemiologist Felice Jacka of Australia’s Deakin University, looked at whether improving the diets of people with major depression would help improve their mood. They chose 67 people with depression for the study, some of whom were already being treated with antidepressants, some with psychotherapy, and some with both. Half of these people were given nutritional counseling from a dietitian, who helped them eat healthier. Half were given one-on-one social support—they were paired with someone to chat or play cards with—which is known to help people with depression.”
“After 12 weeks, the people who improved their diets showed significantly happier moods than those who received social support. And the people who improved their diets the most improved the most. (The study was published in January 2017 in BMC Medicine).”
“A second, larger study drew similar conclusions and showed that the boost in mood lasted six months. It was led by researchers at the University of South Australia and published in December 2017 in Nutritional Neuroscience.”
“And later this month in Los Angeles at the American Academy of Neurology’s annual meeting, researchers from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago will present results from their research that shows that elderly adults who eat vegetables, fruits and whole grains are less likely to develop depression over time.”
Scientific evidence aside . . .
My dad lived to 93 . . . it might be prudent to follow his dietary regime.
Source: The Wall Street Journal, The Food That Helps Battle Depression by Elizabeth Bernstein
Yes, you can “fake out” your own brain.
Smiling fools your brain into thinking you are happy, then this creates actual happiness. A smile spurs a chemical reaction in the brain, releasing certain hormones including dopamine and serotonin*.
Now here’s the fake-out: Our brain isn’t good at telling the difference between a smile because you are happy and a fake smile.
But wait . . . there’s more
“A study performed by a group at the University of Cardiff in Wales found that people who could not frown due to botox injections were happier on average than those who could frown.”
“And there are plenty more studies out there: Researchers at the University of Kansas published findings that smiling helps reduce the body’s response to stress and lower heart rate in tense situations; another study linked smiling to lower blood pressure, while yet another suggests that smiling leads to longevity.”
Smiling enhances our Immune system
“More than happiness is at stake. Dr. Murray Grossan, an ENT-otolaryngologist looks at the study of how the brain is connected to the immune system. He asserts that it has been found “over and over again” that depression weakens your immune system, while happiness boosts your immune system.”
“What’s crazy is that just the physical act of smiling can make a difference in building your immunity,” says Dr. Grossan. “When you smile, the brain sees the muscle [activity] and assumes that humor is happening.”
Smiles are contagious
“This is because we have mirror neurons that fire when we see action,” says Dr. Eva Ritzo, As its name suggests, mirror neurons enable us to copy or reflect the behavior we observe in others and have been linked to the capacity for empathy.”
“Try smiling into the mirror. Dr. Ritzo recommends smiling at yourself in the mirror, an act she says not only triggers our mirror neurons, but can also help us calm down and re-center if we’re feeling low or anxious.”
So SMILE and pass on a dose of neurochemical happy
*Dopamine increases our feelings of happiness. Serotonin release is associated with reduced stress. Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression and aggression. Low levels of dopamine are also associated with depression.
You don’t need to take off your clothes or use soap or water for that matter. Forest bathing isn’t a bath – it’s a sensory immersion. Forest bathing isn’t a hike, it’s a meander.
The idea is to go slow and let yourself take in nature – the sights, smells and sounds of the forest – notice things you might ordinarily miss. It’s a meditation which helps clear your brain, and see your surroundings with fresh eyes.
The practice began in Japan. Back in the early 1990s the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries coined the term Shinrin-yoku — which translates roughly as forest bathing.
“There’s a growing body of evidence that the practice can help boost immunity and mood and help reduce stress. “Medical researchers in Japan have studied forest bathing and have demonstrated several benefits to our health,” says Philip Barr, a physician who specializes in integrative medicine at Duke University.”
One study published in 2011 compared the effects of walking in the city to taking a forest walk. Both activities required the same amount of physical activity, but researchers found that the forest environment led to more significant reductions in blood pressure and certain stress hormones.
“Researchers were able to document a decrease in blood pressure among forest bathers. As people begin to relax, parasympathetic nerve activity increases — which can lead to a drop in blood pressure.”
“On average, the forest walkers — who ranged in age from 36 to 77 — saw a reduction in their systolic blood pressure from 141 mmHg down to 134 mmHg after four hours in the forest. This might not sound like a big difference, but it can be clinically significant. Most doctors these days agree that people younger than 60 should aim to keep their blood pressure under 140.”
“There’s another factor that might help explain the decline in blood pressure: Trees release compounds into the forest air that some researchers think could be beneficial for people. Some of the compounds are very distinctive, such as the scent of cedar.”
- “Back in 2009, Japanese scientists published a small study that found inhaling these tree-derived compounds — known as phytoncides — reduced concentrations of stress hormones in men and women and enhanced the activity of white-blood cells known as natural killer cells .”
- “Another study found inhalation of cedar wood oils led to a small reduction in blood pressure. These are preliminary studies, but scientists speculate that the exposure to these tree compounds might enhance the other benefits of the forest.”
“The idea that spending time in nature is good for our health is not new. Most of human evolutionary history was spent in environments that lack buildings and walls. Our bodies have adapted to living in the natural world.”
I always have more than one book in progress: One for when I’m tired and need mindless entertainment; one for when I’m alert, is informative and grows my neuro-connections.
I found a book* that addresses both and surprised me with a tip on napping. When I was younger naps were a waste of time. Now, I appreciate the “restorative power” of catching a mid-day snooze. Here is a good recipe for a…
Want to maximize your Nappuccinos? Here is what you do:
- Find the best time for your nap. When is your energy low point? Your mood low point? For most of us, it is about 7 hours after we wake up.
- Create your nap environment – someplace comfortable: the floor, bed, couch, bathtub (EMPTY) – definitely low lights and NO cell phone.
- Set a timer, nap 10 to 20 minutes, you will feel more alert and function better, without waking with that groggy feeling.
Here’s the kicker that surprised me:
Drink a cup of coffee! That’s right, drink coffee before you nap. It takes the caffeine about 25 minutes to kick in, so you’ll get the perfect amount of napping time and then you’ll wake up with the caffeine boost. Who woulda thunk it?
There’s also evidence that habitual nappers get more from their naps than infrequent nappers. Practice makes perfect – I’m taking a Nappucino every day until I am an expert.
*”WHEN: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing” by Daniel Pink